Zenzile Makeba Qgwashu Nguvama, artist name: Miriam Makeba
She campaigned against the South African system of apartheid. The South African government responded by revoking her passport in 1960 and her citizenship and right of return in 1963. This exile is due too, to her participation to the film “Come Back, Africa" an anti-apartheid documentary produced and directed by American independent filmmaker Lionel Rogosin.
Makeba then travelled to London where she met Harry Belafonte, who assisted her in gaining entry to the United States and achieving fame there.
In the 1960s, she was the first artist from Africa to popularize African music around the world. Despite the success that made her a star in the U.S., she wore no makeup and refused to curl her hair for shows, thus establishing a style that would come to be known internationally as the “Afro look”
But her marriage to the civil rights activist, Black Panther leader Stokely Carmichael in 1968 caused controversy in the United States, and her record deals and tours were cancelled. As a result, the couple moved to Guinea. Myriam Makeba lived in Guinea for 15 years. After her separation from Carmichael in 1973, she continued to perform primarily in Africa, Europe and Asia, but not in the United States, where a de facto boycott was in effect.
Mandela persuaded her to return at home in 1990, one year before the end of the apartheid system.
(to read more > Miriam Makeba)
(Photos found on google.images)